A cart track may be muddy or stony. The carts (pulled by carthorses) might have made ruts in the track. No tarmac or its precursor, cobblestones on a cart track!
A flat tyre was not a problem for a cart. Cartwheels were wooden, with a metal rim. Nowadays a gymnastic movement might be the first meaning to come to mind. One hand goes down then the other and the legs trace a circle in the air.
A puncture might be the cause of a flat tyre. A faulty valve is another possibility.
A breakdown might be a vehicle which stops working or a mental health crisis.
A breakdown van/recovery van is able to take a vehicle away. It is interesting to note the difference in emphasis. One unusual vehicle I have noticed on the road was an enclosed van, advertising discreet vehicle recovery!
A collision involves an impact. If two vehicles are travelling in opposite directions, the impact is the combined speeds of the two vehicles. It is a head-on collision.
A collision course is sometimes used as a metaphor, when a clash of ideas is anticipated.
A spare tyre must be carried on vehicles in the UK – it is the law. Another type of spare tyre is unwanted bulk around the waistline of a person!
Car park is the UK version of parking lot. Sometimes people make remarks about the regular holdups on motorways, referring to them as car parks. And a car is an automobile in US English.
An old banger is an old car. (Bangers are also sausages.)
Veteran cars and vintage cars are old. There is an annual race from London to Brighton. I have been to watch it several times at the nearest point to my childhood home. A veteran car was made before 1915 or before 1906. A vintage car was made between 1917/19 and 1930. There is more information here. There seems to be some variation in dates quoted by different references.
Hackney cab used to be horse-drawn, but now describes a London taxi.
Belisha beacons are the flashing yellow lights either side of a pedestrian crossing with black and white stripes – a zebra crossing. On a recent trip to London, I noticed that these have been redesigned with brighter lights. Belisha was the name of the Minister of Transport.
Traffic lights are a usual way of controlling the flow of traffic at busy junctions and around road-works. The colours of the lights are red, amber and green. They light up in a particular sequence so that observant drivers know which light will be displayed next after the amber light is lit.
A traffic jam is a situation where the traffic is at a standstill because there is a tail-back. If the traffic cannot move at all it is called gridlock. I am tempted to note here that the British call various fruit preserves “jam”. Jam is sticky, but in a traffic jam, the traffic is stuck!
High-rise is a description of a tall building. UK English refers to blocks of flats, which in US English might be apartment blocks or condo(minium)s.
A sky-scraper rises so high that its top is in the sky! It is more likely to be an office block, than residential accommodation.
A tower block is a tall building – usually a cuboid.
Hand signals may indicate what a road user intends to do, or what a police officers orders.
Free parking can be hard to find. There may be parking meters on the pavement (sidewalk), or machines to pay car-parking charges in a car park. Failure to pay or overstaying the allotted time may result in a fine (penalty payment).
A substation may be adjacent to a road. This is part of the electricity supply network or national grid. Not to be confused with a petrol station, aka service station, a bus station or a train station, which always used to be called a railway station. (And for anyone I’ve managed to confuse, in the UK we call gasoline “petrol”.)
A mystery tour is usually by coach. The passengers do not know where their destination will be.
A mystery parcel is sometimes advertised by mail order companies with surplus stock. At least part of its delivery will be by road.
The gift of God may seem mysterious, but a story, which is well-known and yet contains too much to take in at a single reading, includes a reference to it. John 4:1-42